What does it mean to be human if we don't have a shared culture? What does a shared culture mean if we can't share it? It's only in the last 100, or 150 years or so, that we started tightly restricting how that culture gets used.
The Internet enabled an infrastructure where anybody could participate without asking permission. We have all these new technologies that allow people to express themselves, take control of their own creative impulses, but the law's getting in the way.
Creative Commons is designed to save the world from failed sharing. People who actually want to share stuff, who put it up on the web because they want to share it under certain terms.
So we wanted to create a simple way, for creators to say to the world here's the freedom that I want to run with my creative work. Here are the things you're allowed to do. Can I reproduce it, can I copy it, can I put it in my text book? Can I use that photograph? Can I make a new version of it? Creative Commons gives tools to creators to make a choice about copyright.
Creative Commons licence can cover anything that copyright covers. Every licence says "You need to give me attribution. I created this, give me credit for the work I did." The basic choices are commercial use, or not. Can you make derivative works, versions, adaptations or not? And do you want me to have to share alike?
So if I take your stuff, do I have to offer it to the next person under the same terms? There's no requirement for you to do anything with your work other than what you want to do. You own the copyright to it. What we've done is given you the right to exercise your copyright in more ways, more simply.
So the idea here is to enable the creative impulses that the technology turns loose, and get the law out of the way. The work of Creative Commons is really about laying the infrastructure and ground work for this new type of culture.
A new kind of Folk Culture. Somebody from Delhi, somebody from New York, somebody from Singapore, can feel comfortable using photo that was created and given away by somebody in The United States, or in China, or wherever that the licenses have been extended to. With their identity being preserved. Which means that people can actually create new kinds of things, come together and build things.
Mash-ups that people can do with peoples Flicker photos. And CCmixter has allowed artists to make music together. It's really about creativity and connection. Access and control. From amateurs who simply for the love of what they are doing and they want to share it and they want other people to be able to make use of it, to commercial organizations.
In the end, this will have a very successful place in the for profit economy. Creative Commons is the bridge to this future. You've got to move away from thinking about content to thinking about communities. Communities that develop around content and the sharing that the licences allow enable these communities to come together.
A physical Commons like a park where anybody can enter equally, a Commons with intellectual works is actually much freer. It really is going to be the pillar for communications between people, cultural exchanges. The space for more speech, more free expression. And that's the kind of Commons we're trying to create.
All images and music used to create this work were licenced under Creative Commons licenses
Attributions: Please visit http://mirrors.creativecommons.org/asharedculture for expanded credits, including links to all the creators and CC licensed works that made this video possible