Free Printable Teacher Handout HOW TO BECOME AN ECO DETECTIVE An Interdisciplinary Unit for Writing Across the Curriculum Claire Datnow An ecological mystery is a scientific investigation and a mystery combined into an exciting story. In an eco mystery the role of villain is played by an unknown ecological problem that is harming a species. The characters are affected by the problem, and like good detectives they must carry out an investigation that will identify the problem and then help solve it. 1. Warming Up: Begin by reading an excerpt from one of The Adventures of The Sizzling Six eco mysteries. You may choose an excerpt—with lots of dialogue between different characters for the students to read as a play. The purpose of this activity is to get kids curious about a species and wanting to know more. Discuss the meaning of the term Endangered Species with your students. How does a species get selected to be included on the list of Threatened, Vulnerable, or Endangered Species? Have students read at least one eco mystery, The Adventures of The Sizzling Six, as a model for writing their own eco mysteries and/or creating their own action-based projects. 2. Select a Species Next students select the species they want to investigate—flora or fauna. You might want to narrow the selection by starting with your own county, or state. 3. Research the Species: Now students begin researching the species they have chosen. —Observations: Where possible, take field trips to nature centers to observe the species in their natural habitats. If possible, visit the habit that serves as the setting of their story—forests, lakes, or streams. Make notes and observations on the animals, plants, sights and sounds, and on how they are related to the mystery. —Interview local experts, or email them. Invite them to do a presentation in your classroom. Contact local organizations that promote wildlife and nature conservation, such as the Audubon Society, Water Watch, Nature Centers, and Wildlife Refuges. —Read books, both fiction and nonfiction. Find articles on the Internet. Watch documentary movies about their species. (Set a deadline of about one-six weeks for the students to complete their research, depending on the depth of the investigation.) 4. Experiment: If possible, carry out your own experiments to test the air, water, soil that the species lives in. As you make discoveries, you may begin to find the solution to your eco mystery, and a possible way to save the species. Invite or consult local agencies to explain, or demonstrate how to test for air, water, and soil pollution. —Investigate the Problem. Perhaps there is a landfill upriver from your site, a dam, a factory, a shopping mall, or housing development—this may be a possible ‘villain’ that is harming their species. At the completion of their research students should complete a worksheet that includes: Species Name, Appearance, Habitat, Behavior, Life Cycle, and Reasons why they have become threatened or endangered. 5. Explain and Draw Conclusions:
Solving the Mystery: Review your problem and the results of your observations, research, experiments, and investigations. Can you suggest a cause for the ecological problem that is damaging the species? Once you understand the cause of the problem, and a possible solution you are ready to tell your story. You will take the reader through everything you did, while developing the characters, place, time, setting and a plot.
6. Create a Real-World Project see link to Project Based Learning by: Writing the Eco Mystery and/or Becoming a Citizen Scientist (visit this link about Citizen Science) Have students read at least one of eco mystery of The Adventures of The Sizzling Six. Go over the major elements of writing a story, adjusting it to the level of the students: Plot, Protagonist, Antagonist, Setting, Character, Point of View, Dialogue, Theme. Create a main character who has a reason to care about your ecological problem. Perhaps it is a daughter of a zoo specialist, the son of a forest ranger, or a field biologist who spends time working in the woods, at a lake, or a river, behind the scenes of the local zoo, wildlife rehabilitation center, or in a research laboratory. —Develop a few supporting characters who can play key roles in your plot—perhaps the manager of a wildlife refuge who would know something about each of the creatures in the refuge. As your character works through the mystery, these experts can be a source of information. —Provide some background on the main character as the story goes along to draw the reader into ‘knowing’ your character. —End the story where the actions of the main character(s) help to solve the problem that is harming the species. 7. Publish and Share. Suggests ways in which the book can be published for distribution in the classroom, the school, with environmental organizations, or for wider audiences. For school DISCOUNTS AND BULK ORDERS of The Adventure series please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org The Adventures of The Sizzling Six are also available on Amazon and Kindle and iBookstore.
For the complete lesson plans and details visit: http://www.mediamint.net/styled-11/index.html#.WZSzC8aZNBx
This unit can be downloaded for free, and adapt to your students’ needs.