Translating with Pootle/Administration

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So you're an admin of some kind, and you want to:

All of this assumes you have a fully-prepared checkout of svn+ssh:// One other important note is that CC uses two different types of PO files: The "normal" PO files with English keys, used by Pootle, and also PO files with logical keys, which are used by cc.engine to actually render the site.

  • ./i18n/trunk/po = English-key PO files
  • ./i18n/trunk/i18n = logical-key PO files (CC-style)

Note: most of this is relative to the project and may or may not apply to other projects.

NOTE: to avoid conflicts when merging your changes into the pootle checkout it is recommended to do the following before anything else:

$ ssh
$ sudo su - pootle
$ cd ~/checkouts/$project/cc-i18n-trunk
$ svn ci -m "Committing any pending changes before making changes to the PO files."

... then update your local checkout before doing any of the operations below.

Fully-prepared checkout

To create a fully prepared checkout, do this:

$ svn co svn+ssh:// i18n-trunk
$ cd i18n-trunk
$ python bootstrap/
Generated script '/some/path/i18n-trunk/bin/buildout'.
$ ./bin/buildout
Generated interpreter '/some/path/i18n-trunk/bin/python'.

Add a new string

New string: (1) update master PO

As the directory name implies, i18n/trunk/master/cc_org.po is the "master" PO file. This is a CC-style PO file. You add your new strings to this file using whatever naming rules might be in effect for the type of string you are adding. Commit your change.

New string: (2) sync

$ ./bin/sync
$ ./bin/po2cc -i po -o i18n

Once you have added your new string(s) you must run ./bin/sync with no arguments. This will propagate the new string(s) to all of the English-key PO files. Running po2cc with those arguments will push those changes into the CC-style, short-name-key PO fies. Commit the many changes which should be visible in the po/ and i18n/ directories.

New string: (3) Make new string(s) available to Pootle

$ ssh
$ sudo su - pootle
$ cd ~/checkouts/$project/cc-i18n-trunk
$ svn up

Add an entirely new language

If you are adding a language which already exists for another country (e.g. Spanish), then you must create the language both in the i18n/ directory as well as in the po/ directory. Secondly, you must also enable it in Pootle. Finally, you should add a key to the master PO file that names the language.

New language: (1) in your checkout

For our example we consider that the new language is es_PR, which is based on Spanish (es). For a language not obviously derived from a different one, you can consider it based on US English (en_US).

First, change directory into your fully-prepared checkout. Then execute these commands to clone Spanish, keeping only the PO file:

$ svn copy i18n/es i18n/es_PR
$ cd i18n/es_PR
$ svn rm --force *.stats *.prefs *.pending
$ cd ../..
$ svn copy po/es po/es_PR
$ cd po/es_PR
$ svn rm --force *.stats *.prefs *.pending
$ cd ../..
$ svn ci -m "Created Puerto Rico PO directory using Spain's as a base" i18n/es_PR po/es_PR

New language: (2) in Pootle

Now log into Pootle's PO files repository and make your files available there:

$ ssh
$ sudo su - pootle
$ cd ~/checkouts/cc_org/cc-i18n-trunk
$ svn up i18n/es_PR po/es_PR

At this point, you should go to and ensure the language is associated with the cc_org project (and any others) using the Pootle interface.

New language: (3) update master PO file

Since you've just added a new language, this is also a good time to add a translatable string for the language name itself. This is done by using the steps outlined above in Add a new string. Using the example above, you should add the following to ./i18n/trunk/master/cc_org.po:

msgid lang.es_PR
msgstr "Spanish (Puerto Rico)"

Change an English string

Changing an English string is done precisely like Adding a new string, with the exception that you modify an existing string in ./i18n/trunk/master/cc_org.po instead of adding a new one.

Future dreaming

Having changed this English string, run ./bin/sync. This will go through the PO-style PO files and, if translations for a string with that as context exist, either:

  • Migrate the translation to the new English value, or
  • Move the translation out of the PO-style file into the suggestions file, and delete the translation from the PO-style file

I think the second is the better option.



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