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Affiliated Institution
Foundation Projekt: Polska (NGO)
Project Lead
Alek Tarkowski
Country Code

Visit the jurisdiction's website. The Creative Commons Poland license suite is available in the following version. License your work under these licenses, or choose the international licenses. More info.

Many thanks to all who contributed to the localization of the license suite.

Creative Commons is working with the Projekt: Polska Foundation to create Poland jurisdiction-specific licenses from the generic Creative Commons licenses.

CC Poland List

Public Project Leads: Alek Tarkowski, Kamil Śliwowski and Klaudia Grabowska from Centrum Cyfrowe

Legal Project Lead: [mailto:mserafin@centrumcyfrowe.pl Marcin Serafin from Centrum Cyfrowe

More About Centrum Cyfrowe at the Projekt: Polska Foundation

Projekt: Polska Foundation invited preeminent Polish experts to join forces in the creation of Centrum Cyfrowe (Digital Center), offering expertise and know-how on the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to enhance social capital in Poland, civic engagement, and efficiency of the state.

The aim of the Center is to foster broad social, civic and cultural engagement with the use of ICT tools. Based on our experience and research conducted up to date, we believe that a complex, multidisciplinary approach is necessary in order to develop a digital society – defined through three main pillars of activity: education (“knowing what to do”), development of content and services (“having a reason to do it”), and infrastructure (“having means to do it”). This approach may only be enacted in joint cooperation of the government, self-governmental entities and non governmental organizations. An active role of the latter is essential in the first pillar and preffered in the second.


CC Poland would like to acknowledge and thank Prof. Elzbieta Traple and Piotr Wasilewski from the Institute of Civil Law at the Jagiellonian University for her involvement and support for the project.

Affiliate Team Roadmap

  • Date submitted: December 2010
  • Timespan of this roadmap: January 2011-December 2011

Team information

  • Jurisdiction: Creative Commons Poland
  • Complete list of all members of the Affiliate Team, their roles, and field(s) of expertise:

Justyna Hofmokl (Public Lead), Krzysztof Siewicz (Legal Lead), Alek Tarkowski (Public Lead), Klaudia Grabowska (part-time), Kamil Śliwowski (volunteer)

  • Date of earliest MOU in jurisdiction: 2005
  • Self-Identified Region(s): Europe


  • Why is Creative Commons important for the jurisdiction?

Poland is a fast developing country with steadily growing economy that survived recent economic crisis without major turbulences. It is a fairly young population with a growing number of internet users. At the same time, the level of understanding of digital technologies and their potential advantages is relatively low. Similarly, public debate on intellectual property is dominated by a conservative discourse of “closure”. Creative Commons offers an important tool and set of ideas that allow us to present a different point of view in the public debate, and to offer models for content production and distribution that tap into the potential of digital technologies. We treat CC licenses as a legal tool that opens a wide range of social, cultural and economic changes.

  • What do you think makes a successful jurisdiction project?

A successful jurisdiction project needs to achieve several things at once: 1) Build a solid local framework for using open licensing (localized licenses, knowledge base, support for users, etc.) 2); Build broad awareness of issues related to CC licensing; 3) Build a community of advanced users, early adopters and supporters of CC licensing; 4) Work with key stakeholders, through which CC licensing becomes popular and visible. At the same time, a successful project needs to become sustainable, in particular in financial terms.

  • How do you see the jurisdiction project contributing to the CC Affiliate Network?
    • CC Poland is one of the oldest European CC projects (we started in 2005). Throughout the years we have gained significant experience and knowledge on various aspects of license implementation and promotion.
    • Our leads are relatively active at the level of the international Affiliate Network.
    • In the last year, we have conducted a project dealing with opening scientific books (Otwórz książkę - Open the book), which in our opinion was both innovative and successful, and could serve as an example for similar projects abroad. It’s a good example of specific know-how that we have and could share
    • Having said this, we believe that in order to contribute better an institutional framework for international collaboration is needed as part of the Affiliate Network. Sharing with others is time- and resource-intensive and we lack resources to devote time and energy to outreach and collaboration abroad.


Creative Commons Poland is a fairly small project, with 3 persons actively involved on a daily basis. There is no real community involved in our activities on a day-to-day basis, but we are co-working with various organizations focused on reaching similar goals. CC Poland is a founding member of Polish Coalition for Open Education (an agreement of non-governmental organizations and institutions working in the field of education, science and culture). The Coalition promotes open educational resources and open licensing models. There is also a broad community of organizations, people and projects upon which we draw from time to time, for particular tasks or projects.

In the year 2011 we plan to focus on three target groups / communities:

  • Supporters of openness in the scientific and educational sphere: this is a community we have been focusing upon in the last two years; it seems worthwhile to continue this co-operation
  • Government and public institutions: due to a large grant on open government we plan to work on advocacy of CC and open licensing among public institutions
  • Grant-givers: We focus upon this particular group due to strategic importance of convincing grant-givers to use CC licensing: a successful implementation of CC licensing in a grant program helps to spread the model fast.

Priority Goals

1. Focus-area: Advocacy and cooperation with grant-giving institutions

Our goal is to promote Creative Commons licensing among grant-giving institutions, as an important best practice for grant programs. Successful cooperation with both public and private grant-givers requires:

- basic advocacy among a broad range of grant-giving institutions;

- creating and in-depth toolkit for open licensing in grant programs, to be distributed among interested institutions;

- providing insititutions (both grant-givers and grant-takers) with ongoing support on each level of the process (introducing open licensing to the grant scheme, training the grant-giver, conducting the grant competition with open licensing, providing support to grant-takers);

Currently, with our help, open licensing has been introduced by the Orange Fundation (charitable arm of the Orange telecom) and the development aid program of the Polish Ministry of External Affairs. In 2011, we plan to work with a range of other organizations, among them the Trust for Civil Society in Central and Eastern Europe.

Possibly, as part of this focus area we will work on a broader project that introduces open models (among the CC licensing) into a regional public cultural institution, the Małopolska voivodeship cultural institute. We might also work on the implementation of CC-licensing as part of the Polish government’s content licensing scheme.

  • Why is it important?

Working with grant-givers and public institutions is very important for wider promotion of CC licenses as well as for changing the perceived counter-culture image of, CC licenses. CC is frequently perceived in Poland as a tool used by copyright fighters not suitable for wider public. Establishing CC licenses as a standard licensing scheme for grant-givers will have a huge impact on the future uptake of licenses in Poland.

  • Which communities will benefit?

Promoting CC licenses among grant-givers will be beneficial for different groups such us: institutions themselves, ngo’s (frequent beneficiaries of the grants), public.

  • Output:

Toolkit for grant-giving institutions (September 2011).

2. Focus-area: Further development and legal analysis of CC licenses in Poland

In the year 2011 we would like to: - analyze and then implement into the Polish legal systems (pending upon their applicability) the CC0 and Public Domain Mark tools;

- prepare a publication with a detailed legal analysis of the functioning of CC licenses in the Polish legal system, focusing on clarifying any potential or perceived conflicts or problems.

  • Why is it important?

CC0 and Public Domain Mark are for us important, as a lot of discussion among advocates of openness in Poland focuses not only on open licensing, but also upon the Public Domain - we would like to provide tools that can be useful in this context.

A detailed legal analysis will build upon our ongoing work in this area conducted in the previous years: a conference on legal aspects of free culture organized in 2008, a research paper on the implementation of CC0 into Polish law prepared in 2010, and a range of documents on issues and challenges related to porting the 3.0 licenses (ending with a paper by Krzysztof Siewicz published in 2010 in a volume on copyright law). Such an analysis is necessary to provide a solid reference that clarifies issues related to the use of CC licenses in Poland, seen from a legal perspective.

  • Which communities will benefit?

This legal work will be beneficial to any person or institution interested in CC licensing or using CC licenses.

  • Output:

Analysis and potential implementation of CC0 and Public Domain Mark tools, adapted to the Polish legal system (June 2011). Detailed legal analysis of the functioning of CC licenses in the Polish legal system (September 2011).

3. Focus-area: Analysis and research of CC license use in Poland

As part of this focus area we plan to: - conduct an evaluation of the use of open licensing in a cultural education grant program of the Orange Foundation - in order to obtain knowledge about the adoption of CC licensing by institutions (in this case, cultural NGOs and public institutions)

- conduct a survey of CC-licensed content made available online, based on a web crawl of the Polish internet

- create case studies of CC license use (and more broadly open licensing) in Poland, by different types of creators and institutions, and for different types of content

  • Why is it important?

This research will provide us with a better understanding of the state of adoption of CC licenses in Poland. Furthermore, it will provide useful knowledge for other actors using CC licenses.

  • Which communities will benefit?

This research work will be beneficial to any person or institution interested in CC licensing or using CC licenses.

  • Output: Evaluation of open licensing in the Orange Foundation grant program (March 2011). Results of the crawler study (June 2011). Case study project (September 2011).

Other planned activities:

  • upgrade of the CC Poland webpage
  • update of the FAQ section on our webpage
  • increased online communication through the webpage and social media
  • regular community meetings as part of the NetWtorek meetings - monthly
  • gatherings of IT and NGO communities interested, among other things, in open models


  • How will you measure and evaluate your impact on focus-area 1?

Number of grant-giving institutions using CC licensing. Value of grant programs. Number of grant-takers. Amount and type of content made openly available.

  • How will you measure and evaluate your impact on focus-area 2?

Delivery of planned outputs. Reaction to prepared documents in the legal community.

  • How will you measure and evaluate your impact on focus-area 3?

Delivery of planned outputs. Responses to presented research results by key stakeholders, partners, media and public opinion.

Resources Required

In order to further grow, we need to obtain dedicated funding for CC activities in Poland. Currently, our leads are only partially funded to conduct CC activities, and we lack project funding. Some of the funding we have is due to the fact that we include CC licensing as part of a different project. Our goal for this year is to obtain such funding, which in particular will allow us to hire additional employees. We do not require any technological or material resources, we have a sufficient technological base and office space at the Centrum Cyfrowe Projekt: Polska, our CC affiliate institution.

Sustainability and Scalability

  • How will you ensure your goals will be completed if unforeseen circumstances interrupt the project, such as changes in the leadership of the project or outputs taking longer to complete than anticipated?

Due to the current financing model, and our reliance on third-parties or volunteers in some areas, it is difficult for us to plan against or avoid delays. CC Poland is also currently largely dependent on the individual work of current leads and it is difficult to plan for the event of a potential change in leadership.

  • How will you communicate the project's on-going progress and setbacks within the jurisdiction and the CC Affiliate Network? (e.g. email list updates, meetings, press releases)

We will publish updates on email lists and press releases. We would enjoy having the opportunity to discuss ongoing work through occassional conference calls.

  • How will you document the project so that others may replicate or learn from your efforts?

We are working on employing in our work more intensively a wiki as a documentation mechanism. Also, through the case studies project we want to provide know-how on implementing CC-licensing in Poland.


We're part of the CC-Europe network. In the future we would like to increase collaboration in the scope of Central and Eastern Europe, which we see as a region with a particular and share cultural identity and history.


  • In what language(s) will you promote CC in the jurisdiction and why? Polish
    • In which of these languages are licenses already available? CC0? Licenses are available in Polish, CC0 has not been localized.
    • Into which of the remaining languages do you intend to translate the licenses? CC0? We do not plan further translations. We involve the local language community on the occasional basis, when translation work is required. Last time we’ve obtained community help when we localized the 3.0 version.