Using Creative Commons Metadata in Non-Web Content
This is a developer-oriented document. Read our non-technical account with explanatory comics first.
License metadata for HTML and RSS is published with the content it describes. If someone publishes false metadata, it can be taken down or corrected.
But with non-web content (such as files on peer-to-peer networks), incorrect metadata can propagate around the network, since it's extremely difficult to get everyone to correct it.
Our solution is to embed a link to a license info page that includes the license metadata, rather than including it directly in the file. For example:
When possible, the file will also have a human-readable license claim like "© 1995 Example Band. Licensed to the public under http://creativcommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ verify at http://example.com/licenseinfo". Readers should display this alongside other file metadata like title and author.
This has additional benefits besides preventing the propagation of incorrect license metadata: the metadata can now be linked to and indexed by search engines. Imagine searching the Web for music under a Creative Commons license, and then downloading it from a peer-to-peer network.
Third parties can also build authentication services that provide additional assurance that the data is valid.
Software will automatically download the license info page. Security impact: Anyone who can get you to download their file, just like anyone who can get you to visit their web page, can get you to visit another page and discover your IP address.
Step one: linking to the license info page. We have guides on how to do this in different file formats:
- <a href="mp3">MP3</a>
- <a href="ogg">Ogg</a>
Step two: building the license info page. The license info page must have or HTTP redirect to a page that has RDF, or RDF <a href="metadata/extend#html">embedded in HTML comments</a>. (Readers should be ready to follow several HTTP redirects.) Example RDF:
<rdf:RDF xmlns="http://web.resource.org/cc/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"> <Work rdf:about="urn:sha1:MSMBC5VEUDLTC26UT5W7GZBAKZHCY2MD"> <dc:date>2003</dc:date> <dc:format>audio/mpeg</dc:format> <dc:identifier>http://example.com/mp3s/test.mp3</dc:identifier> <dc:rights><Agent><dc:title>ExampleBand</dc:title></Agent></dc:rights> <dc:title>Example Song</dc:title> <dc:type rdf:resource="http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Sound" /> <license rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/" /> </Work> <License rdf:about="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/"> <requires rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Attribution" /> <permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Reproduction" /> <permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Distribution" /> <permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/DerivativeWorks" /> <requires rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Notice" /> </License> </rdf:RDF>
rdf:RDF contains one or more
Work elements. The value of their
rdf:about attributes are content-based URIs that can be verified by the user (in this case, a sha1 URN). All the children of
Work are optional. If you want to describe their licenses then there must be a
license license child and a corresponding
In the above example,
dc:identifier is a URL from which the content described may be obtained. It can also be used to identify other content-based names for the work.
Step three: publish the license info page. Publish license info RDF at the license claim URL specified in the embedded metadata (step one).
<a href="http://mirrors.creativecommons.org/software/">ccLookup and Publisher</a> offer GUI tools for MP3 license claimn embedding and verification metadata generation. Available for Linux, OS X, and Windows.