Difference between revisions of "Scholarship and critique regarding Creative Commons"

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These articles and comments have been collected to represent the different views about Creative Commons and issues related to Creative Commons. If you know of an article or comment that is not represented here, feel free to let us know about it so that we can consider it for inclusion by emailing us at info[at]creativecommons.org. Articles and comments that are suitable for inclusion here are those which somehow progress and contribute to the debate that surrounds CC & CC-related issues.

General Articles and Comments Related to CC and CC Related Topics


  • Creative Commons Submission in response to the Questions for online consultation released in conjunction with the i2010 Digital Libraries Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions [SEC(2005) 1195]. link
  • Digital Rights Management: Report of an Inquiry by the All Party Internet Group link
  • M. Klang. Informational Commons: On creativity, copyright & licenses, Proceedings of European Conference on Information Systems, Göteborg.
  • Remix World: towards a global digital commons link
  • A. Rens, Managing Risk and Opportunity in Creative Commons Enterprises, First Monday, volume 11, number 6 (June 2006) link
  • Wikipedia Entry on Creative Commons link


  • Creative Commons comments as part of WIPO Online Forum on Intellectual Property and Information Society, Theme Two: The intellectual property system and freedom of expression and creativity. link
  • Creative Commons comments as part of WIPO Online Forum on Intellectual Property and Information Society, Theme Three: The public domain and open access models of information creation: at odds with the intellectual property system or enabled by it? link
  • Mia Garlick, Creative Humbug? Bah the humbug, let’s get creative! By:Mia Garlick, Creative Commons, link
  • Mia Garlick, A Review of Creative Commons and Science Commons , link
  • Andrea Gloriosoi, gravi (o presunti tali) problemi delle CC, ("The severe (or so believed) problems of CC [licenses]") link
  • H. Hietanen & V. Oksanen, (2005) Legal metadata, open content distribution and collecting societies. link
  • M. Klang (2005). The Digital Commons: Using Licenses to Promote Creativity, Proceedings of Ethicomp. link


  • Christiane Asschenfeldt, "Copyright and Licensing Issues—The International Commons." In CERN Workshop Series on Innovations in Scholarly Communication: Implementing the Benefits of OAI (OAI3), 12 February-14 February 2004 at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva: CERN, 2004. link
  • Brian Fitzgerald, Brian, and Ian Oi, "Free Culture: Cultivating the Creative Commons." (2004). link
  • N. Hendriks, (2004) Developing CC Licenses for Dutch Creatives. In Danièle Bourcier and Mélanie Dulong de Rosnay, editors, International Commons at the Digital Age, La création en partage, pages 19-32. Romillat, Paris, 2004. link
  • M. Pawlo, (2004) What is the Meaning of Non-Commercial? in Bourcier D. & Dulong De Rosnay, M. (eds).
  • M. Välimäki, M. and H. Hietanen. (2004). The Challenges of Creative Commons Licensing, Computer Law Review, (06):172-177, Dec 2004. link
  • Jonathan B. Weitzman, and Lawrence Lessig. "Open Access and Creative Common Sense." Open Access Now, 10 May 2004. link


  • "Out of the Way: How the Next Copyright Revolution Can Help the Next Scientific Revolution." PLoS Biology 1, no. 1 (2003): 30-31. link
  • Lawrence Lessig, The Creative Commons, RBL, Tokyo (2003). (No online link available at this time).
  • Barbara F. Schloman,"Creative Commons: An Opportunity to Extend the Public Domain." Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 13 October 2003. link
  • Gary Stix, "Some Rights Reserved." Scientific American 288, no. 3 (2003): 46. link


  • D.C. Denison, "For Creators, An Argument for Alienable Rights." Boston Globe, 22 December 2002, E2. (No online link available at this time).
  • Hal Plotkin, "All Hail Creative Commons: Stanford Professor and Author Lawrence Lessig Plans a Legal Insurrection." SFGate.com, 11 February 2002. link

Books Related to CC and CC Related Topics


  • Yochai Benkler, (2006). The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven: Yale University Press.ISBN 0300110561. link


  • Eric von Hippel, (2005). Democratizing Innovation, Cambridge: MIT Press. ISBN 0262002744. link
  • Lawrence Lessig, (2005). Free Culture: The Nature and Future of Creativity. New York: Penguin. ISBN 9780143034650. link
  • Kembrew McLeod, (2005). Freedom of Expression (R) : Overzealous Copyright Bozos and Other Enemies of Creativity. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0385513259. link


  • Danièle Bourcier, Mélanie Dulong de Rosnay et. al., (2004). International Commons at the Digital Age/La création en partage. Paris: Editions Romillat. ISBN 2878940814. link(NB. At the time this book was prepared, iCommons referred to the international licensing project currently known as Creative Commons International)


  • Lawrence Lessig, (2001). The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World. New York: Random House. ISBN 0375505784.
  • Kembrew McLeod, (2001). Owning Culture: Authorship, Ownership, and Intellectual Property Law (Popular Culture and Everyday Life). New York: Peter Lang Publishing. ISBN 0820451576. link


  • Lawrence Lessig, (1999). Code, and Other Laws of Cyberspace. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 046503912X.


  • James Boyle (1997). Shamans, Software, and SpleensL Law and the Construction of the Information Society. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674805232.

Law Journal Articles about CC and CC Related Topics



  • Pallas Loren, Lydia, "Building a Reliable Semicommons of Creative Works: Enforcement of Creative Commons Licenses and Limited Abandonment of Copyright" . George Mason Law Review, Vol. 14, p. 271, 2007 Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=957939


  • Andres Guadamuz Gonzalez, Open Science: Open Source Licenses in Scientific Research, 7 N.C. J.L. & Tech. 321(2006).
  • Zachary Katz, Pitfalls of Open Licensing: An Analysis of Creative Commons Licensing, 46 IDEA 391 (2006).


  • Jerry Brito and Bridget Dooling, An Orphan Works Affirmative Defense to Copyright Infringement Actions, 12 Mich. Telecomm. Tech. L. Rev. 75 (2005) link
  • Niva Elkin-Koren, What Contracts Cannot Do: The Limits of Private Ordering in Facilitiating A Creative Commons, 74 Fordham L. Rev. 375 (November 2005).
  • Lawrence B. Solum,Book Review : The Future of Copyright Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity. By Lawrence Lessig, 83 Tex. L. Rev. 1137 (2005).
  • Matthew Dean Stratton, Will Lessig Succeed in Challenging the CTEA, Post-Eldred?, 15 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 893 (Spring, 2005).


  • Anupam Chander and Sunder, Madhavi, The Romance of the Public Domain, 92 Calif. L. Rev. 1331 (2004).
  • Lawrence Lessig, Commentary: The Creative Commons, 65 Mont. L. Rev. 1 (Winter, 2004).
  • Lawrence Lessig, Free(ing) Culture for Remix, 2004 Utah L. Rev. 961 (2004).
  • Robert P. Merges, A New Dynamism in the Public Domain, 71 U. Chi. L. Rev. 183 (Winter 2004).
  • Christopher Sprigman, Reform(aliz)ing Copyright, 57 Stan. L. Rev. 485 (November, 2004).


  • Jeffrey L. Harrison, Creativity or Commons: A Comment on Professor Lessig, 55 Fla. L. Rev. 795 (2003).
  • Lawrence Lessig, Dunwoody Distinguished Lecture in law: The Creative Commons, 55 Fla. L. Rev. 763 (2003).

Criticisms of/Debate About Creative Commons & CC-related issues


  • Association Littéraire et Artistique Internationale (ALAI), MEMORANDUM ON CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSES, link
  • Australian Copyright Council, Information Sheet: Creative Commons Licenses, May 2006. link
  • Niva Elkin-Koren, "Creative Commons: A Skeptical View of a Worthy Pursuit" . THE FUTURE OF THE PUBLIC DOMAIN, P. Bernt Hugenholtz & Lucie Guibault, eds., Kluwer Law International, 2006 Available at SSRN: link
  • Mihály Ficsor, "How Did We Arrive Here? The Evolution of Copyright Legislation (the End of?), link
  • Becky Hogge, "What Moves a Movement," link


  • Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA) position on CC, link
  • D. M. Berry, & Giles Moss, “On the ‘Creative Commons’: a critique of the commons without commonalty,” Free Software Magazine. No. 5., link
  • D. M. Berry, & Giles Moss,"Libre Commons = Libre Culture + Radical Democracy. link
  • John C. Dvorak,“Creative Commons Humbug,” PC Magazine, link, Dvorak's revised position on CC: link
  • Sarah Faulder, "What Creative Commons really means for writers," link
  • Michael Fitzgerald, "Copyleft Hits a Snag," link
  • Benjamin Mako Hill, "Towards a Standard of Freedom: Creative Commons and the Free Software Movement," link
  • Geert Lovink and Ned Rossiter, "Dawn of the Organised Networks," FibreCulture Journal Issue 5, link
  • Media, Entertainment and Arts Alliance (MEAA)'s Media Release: "AFC provides no Sanctuary for Australian performers," link
  • Erik Möller, "The Case for Free Use: Reasons Not to Use a Creative Commons -NC License," link
  • Raymond Nimmer, “Open source license proliferation, a broader view," link
  • Andrew Orlowski, “On Creativity, Computers and Copyright," The Register. link
  • Andrew Orlowski, "The Commons Just Isn't Creative," The Register. link
  • Emma Pike, "What you need to know about Creative Commons," link
  • Emma Pike, "Let's be Clear about Creative Commons," Sound Nation. link
  • Evan Prodromou, "debian-legal Summary of Creative Commons 2.0 Licenses," link
  • Response of Australian Performing Rights Association (APRA) to Creative Commons International, Regarding the Application of APRA for Authorization, link
    • Creative Commons International's First Submission: link
    • Creative Commons Internationals' Second Submission: link
    • filed as part of the Australian Competition & Consumer Commission's consideration of the Australian Performing Rights Association's application for Authorisation of its input & output arrangements. All documents can be found here: link
  • Richard Stallman, Position on Creative Commons: here and here
  • Péter Benjamin Tóth, “Creative Humbug: Personal feelings about the Creative Commons licenses," link